A bibliography is a complete or selective list of works compiled upon some common principle, as authorship, subject, a place of publication, or printer.
It is also a list of source materials that are used or consulted in the preparation of a work or that are referred to in the text.
It can also be a branch of science dealing with the history, physical description, comparison, and classification of books and other works.
A bibliography is a list of all of the sources you have used (whether referenced or not) in the process of researching your work. In general, a bibliography should include:
- the authors’ names
- the titles of the works
- the names and locations of the companies that published your copies of the sources
- the dates your copies were published
- The page numbers of your sources (if they are part of multi-source volumes).
What’s an Annotated Bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is the same as a bibliography with one important difference. In an annotated bibliography, the bibliographic information is followed by a brief description of the content, quality, and usefulness of the source.
The bibliographic information for different types of resources are located in different places, so you may need to do some detective work to get all of the information for your bibliography. Try looking in these places:
- the title page of a book, encyclopedia or dictionary
- the heading of an article
- the front, second, or editorial page of the newspaper
- the contents page of a journal or magazine
- the header (at the top) or footer (at the bottom) of a Web site
- the About or the Contact page of a Web site
When it is time to turn in your Bibliography, type all of your sources into a list. Use the examples in MLA Format Examples or APA Format Examples as a template to insure that each source is formatted correctly.
List the sources in alphabetical order using the author’s last name. If a source has more than one author, alphabetize using the first one. If an author is unknown, alphabetize that source using the title instead.
- Make a list to keep track of ALL the books, magazines, and websites you read as you follow your background research plan. Later this list of sources will become your bibliography.
- Most teachers want you to have at least three written sources of information.
- Write down, photocopy, or print the following information for each source you find. You can use the Science Buddies Bibliography Worksheet to help you.